The South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation regretted that the agreement was reached without consultation with the Palestinians, although the agreement was linked to their future, and noted that the agreement did not guarantee a permanent suspension of the annexation of parts of the West Bank.  The agreement was a major political reversal for Mr. Netanyahu, who has long insisted on expanding settlements in the occupied West Bank in order to annex the territory. Mr. Netanyahu was under political pressure to be flexible, as three new elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021. In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that West Bank settlements were not contrary to international law, a decision that threatened the two-state solution, long seen as the key to a lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, developed by Jared Kushner, the president`s top adviser, and published in January 2020, endorsed Mr. Netanyahu`s plan to reintegate existing settlements. After Yousef Al Otaiba, the ambassador of the United Arab Emirates, wrote a statement in June 2020 in which he warned that the annexation would threaten better relations between Israel and the Arab world, Kushner saw an opportunity and intervened to facilitate the talks. After the negotiators agreed, Mr. Trump, Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi`s crown prince, Mohammed bin Zayed, held a conference call just before an official announcement.      For the first time since the founding of the United Arab Emirates in 1971, emiratis will be able to work and travel to Israel, and the Israelis to the United Arab Emirates.
So far, this has only been possible in exceptional circumstances. In addition, researchers will be free to exchange materials, including biological samples and scientific equipment. The agreement to normalize diplomatic relations, the so-called Abraham Agreement, which includes the Gulf State of Bahrain, was signed on September 15 at the White House in Washington DC. The researchers also discuss the benefits of cultural ties between neighbours. An Israeli physicist, who asked not to be quoted, explores his family with a sabbatical in the United Arab Emirates. “The day [the peace agreement] was proclaimed, we thought, why not try it?” he said. “We joked that next to the Moon is the next step for something really new.” And unlike the agreements with Jordan and Egypt, that peace sounds really “hot,” he says.