II. Multilateral embargoes on arms and dual-use goods, Mark Bromley, Noel Kelly and Pieter D. Wezeman [PDF] may also include all other issues that are relevant to the VA`s objectives and which some participating States wish to bring to the attention of other members. Dual-use goods are goods, software and technologies that can be used for both civilian and military applications. The EU controls the export, transit and brokerage of dual-use goods to enable the EU to contribute to international peace and security and prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The convention`s specific information exchange requirements include semi-annual notifications of arms transfers, which currently cover seven categories derived from the UN register on conventional weapons. Members are also required to notify of transfers or refusals to transfer certain dual-use controlled assets. The refusal report helps to draw members` attention to transfers that could undermine the objectives of the convention. In some cases, for reasons of public safety or human rights, EU member states may carry out additional checks on unlisted dual-use goods. It succeeds the Cold War Coordination Committee on Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM) and was founded on 12 July 1996 in Wassenaar, the Netherlands, near The Hague. The Wassenaar agreement is much less stringent than COCOM, focusing mainly on the transparency of national export control regimes and not giving some members a veto over organisational decisions. A secretariat for the management of the agreement is located in Vienna, Austria. However, as a cocom, it is not a treaty and is therefore not legally binding.
The Wassenaar Agreement calls on Member States to report twice a year on the transfer of arms and certain dual-use products for non-members of the Convention. The necessary data exchange will take place in April and October and will cover the previous six-month period (January – June or July – December). The refusal of any attempt to obtain the information indicated is also communicated within 60 days of the decision. The agreement defines the items to be reported in a list of ammunition and a two-stage list of sensitive dual-use goods and technologies. Weapons information, with the exception of the missile category, is provided in the details of the model and type. The agreement is not aimed at states or groups of states and, as such, does not contain an export ban. The decision to transfer or refuse to transfer is the exclusive prerogative of the supplier state; members do not have a veto over transfers from other states. Members of the Wassenaar Agreement agree to meet regularly to discuss the functioning of the convention and to consult on ways to improve export control efforts and other issues relevant to the regime. V. The role of industry in controlling the dual use and trade of arms, Sibylle Bauer and Mark Bromley [PDF] Provisions The Wassenaar Agreement on The Control of Exports of Conventional Weapons and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies (Wassenaar Agreement) contributes to regional and international security and stability by promoting transparency and increased accountability in the transmission of dual-use weapons and goods and technologies, thereby preventing destabilizing accumulation of these objects.
Participating States pledged to exchange information on exports of dual-use goods and technologies to non-participating states, in order to increase transparency and help develop a common understanding of the risks associated with the transfer of these positions. The Wassenaar Agreement is an export control regime with 41 participating states, which promotes transparency in national regimes for controlling exports of conventional weapons and dual-use goods and technologies.